If you’re facing criminal charges, you know that the stakes are high and the criminal justice system can be hard to navigate on your own. Choosing the best criminal lawyer near you is critical to a positive outcome for your case. This involves doing some research and taking the time to understand what qualities to look out for.
In this article, we’ll show you what factors to consider when choosing a criminal lawyer so you can make an informed decision.
Every day, there are changes to legislation, new cases heard in court, and technological advances which change the way a particular area of the law is practised. As such, most lawyers focus on a particular area of the law to specialize in so they can keep up to date with all of these changes. A criminal lawyer is someone who has focused their practise on defending accused individuals. Here’s what makes criminal lawyers unique:
Criminal lawyers are lawyers who focus on defending clients charged with criminal offences under the Criminal Code of Canada. Criminal lawyers may also defend clients charged with regulatory offences such as those under the Highway Traffic Act. If convicted of a criminal or regulatory offence, the sentence can range from a fine up to lengthy periods of jail time.
Unlike lawyers who practice in business lawyer or employment law, a criminal lawyer is responsible for defending the rights of accused individuals who may face lengthy periods of incarceration if they are convicted. The stakes are high for criminal lawyers and this high-pressure environment is not suitable for every lawyer.
Every lawyer in Ontario is required to be licensed by the Law Society of Ontario (LSO, formerly the Law Society of Upper Canada) in order to practise law. If the lawyer attended school in Ontario, they will typically have a four-year undergraduate degree before attending three years of law school. After law school, the law student will write the barrister and solicitor exams and spend one year articling prior to becoming licensed with the LSO.
You can look up the licensing status of a lawyer or paralegal on the LSO Lawyer and Paralegal Directory. This directory shows the disciplinary history of a licensee.
The #1 job of a criminal defence lawyer is to fearlessly advocate on behalf of the interests of an accused individual. This involves things such as:
As you can see, there is a lot that goes on behind the scenes and this is only a fraction of the work a criminal lawyer does to defend clients. Choosing the right lawyer who can perform these tasks with precision and focus on the right legal issues to win a case is key.
When you are defending the liberty of an accused individual, it takes both time and experience to develop the advocacy skills necessary to obtain the best results for clients. When you are looking for the best defence lawyer near you, keep an eye out for these attributes:
Competency is at the cornerstone of any good lawyer-client relationship. It’s not uncommon to see a lawyer taking on criminal law cases in a general practice that may include providing other services such as real estate and wills. However, when choosing a criminal lawyer it is imperative that you find someone with criminal law experience.
When it comes to experience, law is no different than any other profession. While there are some miraculously talented young lawyers fresh out of law school, there is no substitute for years of experience in the field. This experience not only means a better likelihood of success in your case but also that less time is wasted by the lawyer having to become competent to handle your matter.
At Pyzer Criminal Law, our team of experienced defence lawyers have years of experiencing defending criminal cases in Toronto and Ontario of all sizes.
When choosing a criminal lawyer, you will want to understand what their planning and preparation process for your case will be. Many cases can end in a positive resolution with the right preparation from the outset. This means a detailed review of the case, disclosure, and witnesses to understand how strong the Crown’s case is against the accused.
Once this preparation work has been completed, it may be determined that a resolution can be achieved. When this work is not completed on the front-end, it results in cases going to trial which may never have had to.
Along with the right experience in criminal law, your chosen lawyer should be able to show you the results they were able to achieve in similar cases to your own.
The case summaries page on our site highlights some recent cases and the outcome we were able to achieve. Every case is unique and no criminal lawyer can guarantee results for you. Our only goal is to fearlessly defend all of your rights and raise every available defence. However, these results show what can be possible when you work with the right defence lawyer.
If your case is simple, you may not care so much about how many cases a lawyer has taken on. However, a track record of success can demonstrate a continued commitment to the practice of criminal law and defending clients for many years.
Now that you understand some of the key attributes of a criminal defence lawyer, here are some tips for finding the right lawyer and receiving the best outcome for your case:
The most important thing you should do when you are accused of a crime is to retain a criminal lawyer early. Often times, clients believe that a case can be resolved when they show up in court. However, your matter will likely be remanded until you are able to retain a lawyer, which means an additional delay in your case attributed to you.
Hiring a criminal lawyer early means that we can immediately begin reviewing your case, requesting disclosure, and show the Crown that you are prepared to move forward at all times.
It is strictly prohibited in the rules of professional conduct by the Law Society of Ontario to provide promises or guarantees about the outcome of your case.
The commentary on the rules states that marketing may contravene this rule if it is “referring to the lawyer's degree of success in past cases, unless the statement is accompanied by a further statement that past results are not necessarily indicative of future results and that the amount recovered and other litigation outcomes will vary according to the facts in individual cases.”
If you see a lawyer making such claims or promises, it is crucial to understand that no lawyer is able to make those guarantees. There is no such thing as an identical case and the law is rapidly evolving, so even if a lawyer obtained a positive result in one case, it does not mean the same result will happen in your case.
Only after a thorough review of your case after a free consultation can a lawyer start to understand what the likely outcome may be in your situation.
Hiring a lawyer may be a significant expense depending on the complexity of your case. It is important not to hire a lawyer based solely on price. A more junior lawyer may be able to offer a lower fee for representing you, but they may not have the experience necessary to achieve the best outcome for you.
Another element to consider with a more junior lawyer is that the hourly rate may be lower, but it may take the lawyer more hours to handle the same task as a more senior lawyer.
Rather than focusing on cost, think about the other aspects such as experience and track record that are likely more important. A holistic approach in your search will deliver better results than one focused entirely on cost.
Being charged with a criminal offence is likely amongst the most stressful times in a person’s life. We all understand the potential impact on an accused’s life if they were to be convicted and sentenced to a period of incarceration.
When reviewing your options, don’t let the scare tactics of choosing the wrong lawyer cloud your judgement. You will learn much more from booking a free consultation and hearing what the lawyer has to say than being scared about the potential for prison time.
A retainer agreement is an essential document in the lawyer-client relationship and forms the basis of the relationship between you and the lawyer. Without a retainer agreement, this means that the lawyer is not representing you and is taking no steps to move your case forward.
Once you have completed a free consultation, the lawyer you are working with will determine if our firm is the right fit to take on your case. If you are interested in having us represent you, we will compile a retainer agreement for you to review and sign. This document outlines:
Above all else, a criminal lawyer is there to bridge the gap between an accused and the overwhelming power of the Crown in a confusing criminal justice system. This is accomplished by:
When you sit down for a free consultation, you will get a better sense of how the lawyer communicates and how they may be able to help.
Once you have chosen a criminal lawyer to represent you and you have signed a written retainer agreement, here are the usual steps that your case will follow:
Before and if the case goes to trial, an extensive amount of work is undertaken to fully review your case and prepare it for trial or resolution.
During the initial consultation, we will hear your side of the story, review the documents you have received from the Crown to date, and understand if our firm is the right fit for your case.
After the initial consultation, we will prepare a written retainer agreement for you to review and sign.
Once we have been retained, we will attend all court appearances in your matter and notify the court that we are now representing you.
The Crown is under a continuous obligation to disclose all evidence that they will rely on at trial, including photos, police notices, witness statements, videos, etc. We will review these materials and request additional disclosure where we discover gaps.
As disclosure is reviewed and received, we will begin crafting our theory of the case and any available defences available to you should the matter move forward to trial. These preparations will help us discuss the weaknesses of the case with the Crown in order to facilitate a resolution before trial.
Throughout this process, we will communicate with you to keep you updated on how the case is proceeding as well as with the Crown.
We will prepare for and conduct a Counsel Pre-Trial (CPT) meeting with the Crown in order to narrow issues for trial or understand if an alternative resolution can be reached prior to trial such as a withdrawal of the charge.
A JPT will be conducted with Crown and defence counsel in order to determine the time required for trial and narrow the issues for trial.
Prior to trial, we will meet with witnesses to conduct interviews and gather any additional evidence required in your defence.
Finally, if no resolution has been met through CPT or JPT meetings, we will schedule and prepare for trial. This involves preparing direct and cross-examinations, interviewing witnesses, and conducting legal research to prepare arguments.
As mentioned, throughout the pre-trial phase, our team will be looking for opportunities to resolve the case without going to trial if it is in the best interests of the client. Trials are time-consuming to prepare for and costly. Even with a strong defence, there is no guarantee of success in a trial. However, a trial is sometimes necessary to achieve the best results when no other resolution is favourable.
Depending on the complexity of the case, the trial may be scheduled several months in the future. Under the R v Jordan framework, a trial must be heard within 18 months in the Ontario Court of Justice or within 30 months in the Superior Court of Justice from the time the accused is charged.
The cost of a trial depends entirely on the length of the trial as well as the complexity of the case. We will provide an estimate of the trial costs in our retainer letter so you can understand what costs may be involved.
Once the trial is concluded, the verdict in the case will be delivered either at the end of the trial or at a later date. We will represent you for sentencing submissions if you are found guilty, or the case will be completed if you are found not guilty.
If you’re interested in hearing about how Pyzer Criminal Lawyers can help in your case, consider booking a case consultation with us. We will take the time to understand your case and how can assist you in preparing the best possible defence in your matter.